Kyrenia is a tourist pearl of Cyprus
No doubt Kyrenia, one of the most beautiful cities in the Mediterranean. The city is located on the northern coast of the island of Cyprus, occupies a coastal strip between the sea and the Kyrenian mountains. Kyrenia charms guests with natural species, historical monuments. In the city, the largest number of hotels from the cities of northern Cyprus.
Kyrenia is a great place to relax, the most beautiful place in the city is the horseshoe-shaped harbour. Around the harbour old buildings of the Venetian, Ottoman and English period, restaurants, bars, hotels create a unique atmosphere.
as for historical monuments, the most interesting for tourists are the historical port, the Kyrenia fortress, the Museum of the sunken ship, the Fortress of St. Hilarion, the Monastery of Bellapais.
Excursion to the history
The history of Kyrenia dates back to the 10th century BC.
In Kyrenia, the Kyrenia fortress, built in the 7th century, during the times of the Arab-Byzantine wars, was perfectly preserved, to protect the city's population.
Nowadays there are museums in the fortress: a museum of a sunken ship in which you can see a ship of the age of 2.300 years raised by parts from the seabed and assembled by scientists from the University of Pennsylvania. In museums, you can see raised from the bottom of the sea amphorae in which transported wine, olive oil, dishes of sailors, an amulet of curse found on a ship ...
The archaeological museum, in which you can see the animation of the settlements of 4410-3750 BC, found 10 km from Kyrenia. Animation of burials of the period 2075-1725 BC. In the museum, objects of everyday life are displayed, which were placed in the grave together with the deceased.
On the territory of the Kyrenia fortress, there is a church of St. George dating back to the 12th century.
Prisons of the 14th century. In the shadows, you can see the animation of real events related to the life of the royal family, the Louisiana dynasty, the revenge of the queen of Cyprus Eleanor, the Spanish origin, the history of betrayals, betrayals, revenge, passions boiling at court ...
Fortress of St. Hilarion
One of the 3 mountain castles-fortresses, located on the mountains of Kyrenia, was built in the 7th century during the Arab-Byzantine wars. In the Middle Ages, it was called Gy д d'Amur. Today the name of the fortress comes from St. Hilarion, Originally it was a monastery named after the monk, who chose this place for his monastery. Later the monastery was significantly fortified by the Byzantines and with the castles of Buffavento and Kantara formed the defence of the island from the raids of Arab pirates on the coast. The fortress is located at an altitude of 732 meters above sea level
The castle consisted of three departments (or chambers). In the lower house, there were stables and barracks for the guardsmen. The other chambers housed the church, and in the uppermost lived the members of the royal family.
Built on the rocky slope of the Kyrenian Mountains, in French, the name of the monastery is translated as the monastery of the world. A masterpiece of Gothic style, built in the 12th century. Built for immigrants from Jerusalem, priests - Augustinian monks.
The oldest surviving part of the monastery dates back to the 13th century. In the church of the monastery, you can see frescoes made in the Italian style dating from the 15th century.
In the Ottoman period, the monastery was transferred to the Greek Orthodox Church.
in our time the monastery is a museum. In the mansion of the monastery are held festivals, concerts of classical music.